主管:教育部
主办:中国人民大学
ISSN 0257-2826  CN 11-1454/G4
16 June 2024, Volume 58 Issue 6 Previous Issue   
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“Two Integrations” and Space for Innovation
Liu Tongfang
2024, 58 (6):  5-12. 
Abstract ( )   PDF (6270KB) ( )  
“Two integrations” demonstrate the theoretical wisdom and practical methods of adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and the needs of our times, open up space for innovation of the modern civilization of the Chinese nation, and break through the spatial pattern framed by the modern civilization of the West. In practice, the “two integrations” contain the overall vision of the organic unity of the diachronic process and the synchronic structure, place the value positioning of the space for innovation of the modern civilization of the Chinese nation within a larger context, and determine the historical orientation and construction strategy of the space for innovation based on cultural space. In specific,the space for innovation is presented as a social complex of agglomeration and fusion in the integration of the beneficial resources of the space for innovation with the construction of its basic structure through the production and exchange of cultural space. For the diversified resources of civilization involved in the production and exchange of cultural space, the “two integrations” adopt the inclusive mechanism of harmonious coexistence of multiple civilizations, and adhere to the methodological principles of unifying regularity and purposefulness and unifying endogenous development and external extension, in order to inject the momentum of continuous construction and sustainable development into the space for innovation.

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The History and Experience of the Integrated Development of Fine Traditional Chinese Culture and Ideological and Political Education 
Wang Yi
2024, 58 (6):  14-23. 
Abstract ( )   PDF (7797KB) ( )  
The integrated development of fine traditional Chinese culture and ideological and political education is an important research topic in the discipline of ideological and political education, which runs through the whole process of the construction and development of the discipline. Over the 40 years of construction and development, the discipline of ideological and political education has gone through three stages of development: initial establishment, deepening and expansion, and comprehensive advancement, the ideological framework, basic research field, stance and characteristics of the integrated development of fine traditional Chinese culture and ideological and political education have matured, and the research perspectives have become increasingly rich. At the new historical starting point, to further deepen the theoretical and practical achievements of the integrated development of fine traditional Chinese culture and ideological and political education, first, we must adhere to the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Culture and grasp the new requirements for the integrated development of fine traditional Chinese culture and ideological and political education; second, we should comply with the “two integrations” to open up a new space for the integrated development of fine traditional Chinese culture and ideological and political education; and third, with the goal of constructing an independent knowledge base, we will secure new successes in pursuing the integrated development of fine traditional Chinese culture and ideological and political education.

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Ideological and Political Education Resources Espoused in Fine Traditional Chinese Culture
Shan Wenpeng
2024, 58 (6):  24-35. 
Abstract ( )   PDF (8681KB) ( )  
Broadening and deepening the research on ideological and political education resources espoused in fine traditional Chinese culture is a valuable experience in the construction and development of the discipline of ideological and political education for 40 years. It follows the inherent regulations of the nature and goals of ideological and political education, promotes the structural optimization of content system of ideological and political education, and serves the construction of Chinas independent knowledge base of the discipline of ideological and political education. First, we should deeply explore the ideas and concepts implied by fine traditional Chinese culture, focusing on “promoting harmony between humanity and nature”, “governing by virtue” and “seek harmony among all nations” and clarifying the traditional wisdom of the Chinese nation in understanding and transforming the world. Second, we should deeply explore the spirit of humanity espoused in fine traditional Chinese culture, focusing on “vigor and action”, “the benevolent man loves others” and “paramount importance of peace” and clarifying the value orientation of the Chinese nation that values, cares for, and respects people. Third, we should deeply explore the moral norms espoused in fine traditional Chinese culture, focusing on “prioritizing righteousness over interest”, “seeking loyalty and filial piety” and “selfcultivation” and clarifying the choices of values of the Chinese nation in correctly handling the relationship between righteousness and interest, family and country, and self and others, in order to better consolidate the cultural foundation of epistemology, essentialism and methodology of ideological and political education, and give full play to the role of ideological and political education as value guidance and educational regulation.

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The Practical Path of Integrating Fine Traditional Chinese Culture into Ideological and Political Education
Wang Zengfu
2024, 58 (6):  36-45. 
Abstract ( )   PDF (8256KB) ( )  
To follow the requirements of the inherent compatibility between fine traditional Chinese culture and ideological and political education, we should systematically explore the ideological and political education resources espoused in fine traditional Chinese culture from the perspective of “two integrations”, continue to increase the knowledge of the main body of ideological and political education in fine traditional Chinese culture under the guidance of cultivating people with virtue, build the curriculum chain of fine traditional Chinese culture education under the principle of differentiation, use digital technology to empower the dual carriers of integrating fine traditional Chinese culture into ideological and political education, and establish and improve the evaluation mechanism for the integration of fine traditional Chinese culture into ideological and political education using the effectoriented approach. Thus, we can innovate the practical path of integrating fine traditional Chinese culture into ideological and political education, promote the inheritance and innovation and unleash the vitality of of fine traditional Chinese culture, and boost the highquality development and the improvement in connotation of ideological and political education in the new era.

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From Moral and Political Theory to Human Liberation: Marx's Transcendence of “Rousseau's Paradox”
Zhang Dang
2024, 58 (6):  46-56. 
Abstract ( )   PDF (9193KB) ( )  
In his critique of modern political philosophy based on natural principles, Rousseau emphasizes that modern society and its unequal relationships have led people to spiritual poverty, and points out that private properties are the main cause of the contradiction between rich and poor and the state of slavery in the process of reconstructing the theory of social history. Although Rousseau focuses on criticizing the issue of wealth inequality caused by private property rights, he cannot escape the recognition of private properties but advocates the reconstruction of a moral and politicalcentered society on the basis of private property rights, thus forming the “Rousseaus paradox”. In inheriting while criticizing Rousseaus political philosophy, Marx not only recognizes the deep causes of human alienation, but also clarifies the ineffectiveness of moral and political theory from the perspective of the proletariat, and then points out that only by eliminating private ownership and rebuilding individual ownership can human liberation and the truly equality of social relationships be realized. This is not only Marxs transcendence of the “Rousseaus paradox”, but also the core essence of Marxs political philosophy.

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New Quality Productive Forces and National Competitive Advantage: Internal Logic and Strategic Focus
Zhou Wen, Yang Zhengyuan
2024, 58 (6):  57-72. 
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With the in-depth development of a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation, and the escalating majorcountry rivalry, developed economies have intensified the implementation of industrial policies, aiming to promote the development of strategic emerging industries and future industries and seize the battleground of global scientific and technological innovation and industrial development. Therefore, moving faster to promote new quality productive forces is not only an inevitable requirement for China to achieve greater selfreliance and strength in science and technology, but also a practical requirement for the country to take the strategic initiative when it comes to its future development and global competition. Compared with the gradual innovation of traditional productive forces, the new quality productive forces take subversive innovation as the core, with its logical starting point being the reconstruction of independent innovation capabilities under the organic unity of the government and market. To accelerate the formation of new quality productive forces, we should give full play to the advantages of the new system of pooling national resources and strengths to make breakthroughs in “bottleneck” problems in core technologies in key areas, promote the deep integration of the digital economy and the real economy, climb the global value chain with a modern industrial system, and help Chinese companies become worldclass outfits.

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Building a Knowledge Base for the Discipline of Party Building Based on Theoretically Identifiable Concepts
Liu Honglin, Liu Qing
2024, 58 (6):  73-82. 
Abstract ( )   PDF (7687KB) ( )  
As a new firstlevel discipline in the Chinese philosophy and social sciences that carries distinct Chinese features and presents the charms of China, the discipline of Chinese Communist Party building is “nativeborn” and the construction of an independent knowledge base of the discipline cannot simply apply the general principles and paths of the construction of independent knowledge bases, neither can it be simplified to be “unconventional”, nor can it be “reconstructed”or take the “deconstructivist route”. Instead, we should clarify facts, uphold fundamental principles and break new ground,and take the “constructivist route”. Generally speaking, the concepts of Party building can be decomposed into the basic concepts of Party building, the theoretically identifiable and core concepts of Party building, the important concepts of Party building, and the general concepts of Party building. The construction of the knowledge base of the discipline of Chinese Communist Party building must be based on the basic concepts of party studies, exploring the identifiable concepts from the Partys innovative theory, constructing the conceptual and knowledge frameworks of the discipline with the theoretically identifiable and core concepts, and further constructing the conceptual system and knowledge base of the discipline by combining the categorized important and general concepts of the theory of Party building. We can thus jointly build an open and continuously developing knowledge pedigree for the discipline of Chinese Communist Party building, and committed to enhancing the inheritance and nationality, the originality and contemporary relevance, the systematicness and professionalism, the scientificity and worldwide application of the Partys innovation theory, in order to take the enhancement of the cohesion, appeal, dissemination, influence and international competitiveness of the Partys innovation theory as the value goals.

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The Construction Logic, Policy Innovation and Great Significance of China's Model of Modern Agricultural Management System
Mu Nana, Kong Xiangzhi
2024, 58 (6):  83-94. 
Abstract ( )   PDF (9911KB) ( )  
The modern agricultural management system is a necessary means to achieve the Chinese path to agricultural modernization. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, under the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, faced with the problem of “who farms the land” and with the reform of “the system for separating the ownership, contractual, and management rights for contracted rural land” as an institutional guarantee, China has initially established a threedimensional composite modern agricultural management system with family farms as the basis, farmerscooperatives as the mainstay, leading agricultural industrialization enterprises as the backbone, and agricultural socialized service organizations as the support, leading and driving the development of small household farmers. Through policy innovation in cultivating and strengthening new types of agricultural operating entities and promoting the link between small household farmers and modern agricultural development, the system has played an important role in consolidating and improving the system of basic rural operations, promoting the cost reduction and enhancing quality and efficiency in the agricultural sector, increasing farmers income, and ensuring food security and the supply of important agricultural products in China. It has had a profound impact on pursuing the path of agricultural modernization with Chinese characteristics.

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Chinese Characteristics and Practice of Digital Diplomacy
Han Xiao, Wu Zhicheng
2024, 58 (6):  95-105. 
Abstract ( )   PDF (9286KB) ( )  
With the deepening application of digital technology in the field of diplomacy, digital diplomacy has developed rapidly as a new type of diplomatic practice and has taken on its own distinctive characteristics. Although the state is still the main actor in digital diplomacy, other actors are also playing an increasingly important role. The issues involved in digital diplomacy are extensive and diverse, and the goals of countries are quite different. In the face of the accelerated evolution of global changes unseen in a century, the development of digital diplomacy is also facing many practical challenges, such as the increase of cyber security threats, the intensification of differences in technology application, the rise of technological nationalism, and those concerning network governance and the construction of digital order. Digital diplomacy in China has developed dramatically and has shown distinct features, which are manifested in the fact that high standards are supplemented by high frequency, online and offline practices can be integrated and mutually reinforcing, it leads the agenda setting of international issues with increasingly diversified styles and methods and there is a clear objective of serving the people. To promote and develop digital diplomacy with Chinese characteristics, we must vigorously develop the digital economy and digital technology, actively set up the frontier agenda for digital diplomacy, maintain the security of the network and digital space, enable the people to fully enjoy the dividends of digital diplomacy, strengthen the cultivation of interdisciplinary talents in diplomacy, and build a fair and harmonious new order in international cyber space.

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Historical and Political Interpretation of the Modern Civilization of the Chinese Nation: Focusing on the Shaping of China's National Governance Model from the “Change of Zhou and Qin”
Huang Tao
2024, 58 (6):  106-116. 
Abstract ( )   PDF (8449KB) ( )  
The modern Chinese civilization is a great civilization centered on politics that has developed and transformed from the traditional Chinese civilization. To understand its formation and development, it is necessary to respect historical continuity and pay close attention to major changes in the national governance model. As a fundamental change in the Chinese civilization on all fronts led by the reform of the national governance model, the “Change of Zhou and Qin” shaped the core structure and basic paradigm of the Chinese civilization, and had a significant and farreaching impact on the development and evolution of the modern Chinese civilization. On the basis of adhering to the “two integrations”, the Communist Party of China has inherited the essence of ancient China and carried out reform and upgrading on all fronts, discarded the outdated in favor of the new through constant selfrenewal, so that the Chinese civilization has achieved a great leap from the ancient to the modern form and has become an important part of the worlds modern civilization. It is indispensable that the basic paradigm and many basic elements and symbolic characteristics of the modern Chinese civilization have been inherited and developed from those in ancient China, and its key historical starting point is the “Change of Zhou and Qin”. The “Change of Zhou and Qin”, with the profound connotations, premature modernity and implied universality, has profoundly influenced the structure and paradigm of the modern Chinese civilization.

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On the Problem Logic and Contemporary Value of the Critical Theory of “Transitional Capitalism”: From the Perspective of “Political Marxism”
Feng Wangzhou
2024, 58 (6):  117-130. 
Abstract ( )   PDF (11397KB) ( )  
“Political Marxism” is an important school of contemporary foreign Marxism, which has an important influence in the academic circles of contemporary British and American Marxist studies and forms three generations of academic communities. Focusing on concepts such as social property relations and class analysis, “political Marxism” deeply analyzes the transformation and development of capitalism, and forms a critical theory of “transitional capitalism”. “Political Marxism” has always adhered to Marxs method of historical materialism,and put forward the theory of the agrarian origins of capitalism. It conceives that, first, capitalism arose in the field of agriculture in Britain by chance, and profoundly changed the course of development in Britain and Western European countries. Second, capitalist society presents a process of transformation from agrarian to industrial capitalism, then from industrial to colonial imperialism, and finally from colonial to capitalist imperialism. Third, the ideology of capitalism has become an important part of the capitalist ruling system, forming ideological chains such as “progress”, “democracy”, “unlimited warfare”, and “liberalism”. “Political Marxism” holds that contemporary capitalism has experienced serious crises such as class struggle, economic crisis, ecological crisis and social crisis, and that the overall crisis will inevitably lead to the demise of capitalism. It believes that it is necessary to transcend capitalism and achieve a revival of socialism in the 21st century. The critical theory of “transitional capitalism” of “political Marxism” has very important implications for the development of Marxism in the 21st century, enriching the critical theory of capitalism of contemporary foreign Marxism and promoting the development of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era.

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