主管:教育部
主办:中国人民大学
ISSN 0257-2826  CN 11-1454/G4
15 February 2024, Volume 58 Issue 2 Previous Issue   
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The Chinese Path to Modernization and the Enrichment of People's Spiritual World
An Haonan
2024, 58 (2):  5-16. 
Abstract ( )   PDF (2102KB) ( )  
“Enriching people's spiritual world” is one of the essential requirements to pursue the Chinese path to modernization, which has profound theoretical connotation and distinct practical direction. The rich spiritual world of people is rooted in the historical practice of the Chinese path to modernization, which promotes the development and enrichment of the spiritual world of people. The rich spiritual world of people provides ideological guarantee, spiritual power and value guidance for the comprehensive completion of the Chinese path to modernization. In the new era, enriching peoples spiritual world from the perspective of the Chinese path to modernization also faces the incompatibility between ideological guidance and social psychology, the overlapping development of humandependent culture and materialdependent culture, and the intertwined development of premodernity, modernity and postmodernity. In the face of new challenges in cultural construction that arise in promoting the Chinese path to modernization, to strengthen the spiritual power of the Chinese path to modernization, we need to continuously adapt Marxism to the Chinese context in the process of pursuing the Chinese path to modernization, realize the creative transformation and innovative development of the excellent Chinese traditional culture, carry forward the revolutionary culture, firmly practice the core socialist values, and promote the prosperity and development of cultural undertakings and cultural industries. With the power of scientific truth, history and culture, socialist revolution and practical development, we are committed to securing new successes in developing socialist culture, enriching peoples spiritual world, and enhancing the spiritual power to build China into a great modern socialist country in all respects and realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

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The Modern Construction of Ideological and Political Education in the Process of Modernization
Feng Gang, Cao Heming
2024, 58 (2):  17-26. 
Abstract ( )   PDF (1699KB) ( )  
The construction of modernity in ideological and political education is carried out in the process of pursuing the Chinese path to modernization. First, the Chinese path to modernization in practice has gradually formed a modernity that is different from the original modernity represented by Western capitalist countries, and provided a context for the emergence and a direction for the construction of modernity in ideological and political education. Second, the construction of modernity in ideological and political education is a reflective,critical and spontaneous process based on the needs of the current society and the development of ideological and political education, and it is necessary to forge the selfidentity of modernity and clarify the constituent elements and main dimensions of the construction of modernity in the Chinese path to modernization. Finally, the construction of modernity through ideological and political education can provide solid political guarantee, profound cultural nourishment and sustainable spiritual strength for building China into a modern socialist country in all respects, realizing the second centenary goal, and advancing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation on all fronts through the Chinese path to modernization.

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Marx's View of Culture and its Methodological Implications
Jia Liyan
2024, 58 (2):  27-34. 
Abstract ( )   PDF (1420KB) ( )  
Among the issues on the theoretical development of contemporary Marxism, the construction of cultural theory has been the priority. Marx does not put forward a systematic and complete cultural theory, but leaving some discussions on issues of superstructure, ideology, social consciousness, spiritual production, spiritual communication, cultural struggle and others alike. Although Marx does not give a clear definition of “culture”, a rudimentary view of culture can still be found in his relevant statements, and the social epistemological principles implied from them are worthy of our exploration and refinement. Facing the “cultural turn” and its cultural contradictions caused by contemporary social changes, it is necessary to further construct and improve Marxist cultural theory to respond to the issues of the times, and Marxs view of culture provides the necessary ideological foundation and methodology to achieve this goal. 

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The Idea of “True Democracy” and its Value inCritique of Hegels Philosophy of Right
Yin Zidanlan, Liang Yanxiao
2024, 58 (2):  35-44. 
Abstract ( )   PDF (1832KB) ( )  
The concept of “true democracy” is Karl Marxs first political proposal, which arises from his examination of Hegel's thought in Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right in 1843. While Marx and Hegel share important similarities in addressing issues of the separation of civil society and the political state, with the aim to overcome the atomization of modern society, their differences lie in whether this goal can be achieved through intermediary mechanisms. Hegel believes that people are ignorant and atomistic, and thus establishes the“system of mediation” illuminated by the Estates; however, Marx argues that people themselves are universal, which means the intermediary mechanisms as such are neither complete nor necessary, and thus proposes the idea of “true democracy”. This is Marx's attempt to surpass the paradigm of the separation between civil society and the political state. Despite its limitations, the positive perspective on the relationship between individuals and the state it implied not only serves as the theoretical basis for Marx's later exploration of the future society, but also provides an opportunity for him to turn to the study of civil society in the next step.

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Analysis of the Operating Rules of Digital Capital and the Effect Mechanisms of Chinese Characteristics
Wang Lin, Li Yunpeng
2024, 58 (2):  45-57. 
Abstract ( )   PDF (2369KB) ( )  
As a special type of capital, digital capital is formed based on new conditions in terms of technologies, production factors and organizations, for which there are special reproduction methods and operating rules. Therefore, on the one hand, digital capital has a stronger positive effect of optimizing resource allocation and improving labor productivity; and on the other hand, it is also accompanied by a faster and more hidden negative effect of aggravating the differentiation of social wealth. However, the operating rules of digital capital are also be integrated within different basic economic systems of society, thereby showing different specific characteristics and trends. Under the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, the operation of digital capital is constrained by external systems at macro, meso, and micro levels as well as guided by and coordinated and associated with public capital, thus forming operating mechanisms and positive convergence trends of digital capital with Chinese characteristics. Entering a new stage of development, in order to better promote the healthy and orderly operation of digital capital in China, we should further improve the restraint and supervision mechanisms on the negative effects of digital capital, and continue to innovate the coordination and amplification mechanisms on the positive effects of digital capital.

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Awareness of Potential Dangers: An Indispensable Ideological Variable in Party History Research
Lian Wenmei, Shen Chengfei
2024, 58 (2):  58-69. 
Abstract ( )   PDF (2215KB) ( )  
The awareness of potential dangers is an ideology created and developed based on the Chinese culture. From the very day of its creation, the Communist Party of China (CPC) has had clear and collective awareness of potential dangers, which has been consistently reflected in various historical periods of socialist revolution and construction and reform and opening up. To conduct Party history research, we must pay attention to the ideological variable of the CPCs collective awareness of potential dangers. In specific, for the research on the history of the founding of the Party, we should clarify the Partys inherent awareness of potential dangers about the times; for the research on the history of New China, we should highlight the awareness of potential dangers about governance caused by the transformation of the Partys identity; for the research on the history of reform and opening up, we should emphasize the existential dangers brought by domestic and foreign challenges; for the research on the history of national rejuvenation, we should notice the Partys mission and awareness of potential dangers in realizing its great dream; and for the research on the history of Party building, we should clearly address the potential dangers of selfrevolution that are unique problems for large parties. In the study of key figures, events and periods, we should consciously examine the impact of the awareness of potential dangers on the Partys decisionmaking, national development, and the Party building. Only in this way can Party history research be brought back to the scene where Party history events occurred and to the decisionmaking field of figures in the history of the Party. Through an empathic relationship between the research subject and object, we can reach the realm of “understanding” without “separation”, and truly make academic contributions to Party history research practically from seeking truth to seeking solutions.

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The Transfer of World Power and the Compound Transformation of International Order under the Profound Changes of a Century
Chen Mingkun
2024, 58 (2):  70-84. 
Abstract ( )   PDF (2875KB) ( )  
The world today is undergoing profound changes unseen in a century.A deep understanding of the profound changes requires exploring the two key issues of “power” and “order”. The emergence of profound changes unseen in a century originates from deepseated changes including fluctuations in world power, and the loosening of international order brought about by fluctuations in world power constitutes a prominent feature of the major changes in a century. The structural changes in world power are the result of the accumulation of various factors, among which internal and external tensions as well as reverse and forward thrusts lead to changes in power structures and dominant values, and transfers of rulemaking power, promoting profound changes in world power and international order. The trend that “the East rises and the West falls” is becoming prominent, while it is still a fact that “the West is strong, and the East is weak”. Internal rifts in Western countries are widening, while emerging countries also lack sufficient cohesion. The strategic competition between China and the US is intensifying, and competition among the great powers is complicated. Multiple regions in the real world overlap, contradict, and intertwine with each other, deducing a complex and diverse but interrelated and constantly changing network of power, order and flow, and presenting a compound situation with hybrid and intertwined realities. Facing the future, the structure of world power will shift from “unilateral” to “multilateral”. The distribution of world power and international order will inevitably see a new pluralistic paradigm. China must find its own position facing the profound changes, accurately identify changes, adeptly respond to them, work to steer them in a favorable direction, and bring to the uncertain world more certainty.

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Evolution and Analysis of US Cyber Deterrence Policy
Ding Di
2024, 58 (2):  85-99. 
Abstract ( )   PDF (2636KB) ( )  
Cyber deterrence is an important tool for maintaining network security. While the current theoretical studie shave argued that cyber deterrence is ineffective, the US government insists on emphasizing the importance of cyber deterrence and constantly improving its cyber deterrence capabilities, which must have important strategic considerations. This paper examines the evolution process of US cyber deterrence policy and divides it into four evolutionary stages according to the changes in its cyber security strategic objectives. By analyzing the characteristics of cyber deterrence policy at different stages, this paper finds that with the continuous changes in security strategic objectives, the USs cyber deterrence strategy has evolved from a purely passive defense strategy to a proactive offensive expansion one; it has completely broken through the traditional deterrence theoretical framework in the three main dimensions of coverage area, supporting means and deterrence force. By echoing offensive cyber security strategies such as “continuous engagement” and “forward defense”, the USs cyber deterrence has become an important means to maintain cyber hegemony and participate in the great power competition in cyberspace. This transformation has not achieved the goal of cyber security, but has seriously undermined the stability of cyberspace with continuous spillovers that lead to“crossdomain” security risks, and adversely affected global strategic stability.

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From Financial Capital to Financialized Capital Accumulation: A Political Economic Analysis
Yuan Hui
2024, 58 (2):  100-112. 
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Since the 1970s and 1980s, financial capital has changed in four aspects: the capital and capital relationship, financial capital and wage labor, financial capital and sovereign states, and financial capital and the world market, making it theoretically transform into financialized capital. Financialized capital indicates the dominance of fictitious capital, its integrated growth with borrowed capital, and the control of the two over industrial capital and even over all aspects of the economy and society. While pursuing proliferative properties, they also have the requirement to maintain liquidity, turning the delusional illness of making money without the intermediary of the production process into a structural disease of capital accumulation. Despite of the self circulation and a high degree of autonomy, financialized capital, through the appropriation of surplus value, the income of all classes and even real capital, and in the form of interest, entrepreneurial profits, capital gains, commissions and handling fees, is associated with a striking instability and inevitably rebuilds the monetary and value bases of social production through crises.

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Gramsci's Philosophy of “Enlightenment Subjectivity” and its Problems
Zheng Wei
2024, 58 (2):  113-120. 
Abstract ( )   PDF (1561KB) ( )  
While weakening the social interpretative framework of historical materialism, Western Marxism has readopted the idea of “subjectivity” in modern European Enlightenment philosophy. Within the framework of historical materialism, Gramscis philosophy has almost completely reshaped all the constituent elements and their interrelationships, which reflects in the most direct way the idea of “Enlightenment subjectivity” criticized by the Western Marxist capitalism. Due to the emphasis on the independence of the stages of ideological revolution in the field of society and history, civil society has been elevated to be at a critical height in the Marxist revolutionary sequence of historical stages, and the discussion on ideological problems in civil society have actually been placed above the Marxist economic analysis of class struggle. The absence of the dimension of production practices in Gramscis philosophy has led to the blurred definition of “organic intellectuals” while downplaying the historical legitimacy of “the proletariat and its party”, and finally, a theoretical tendency has been formed, in which cultural leadership takes precedence over or outweighs the real proletarian revolution.

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