主管:教育部
主办:中国人民大学
ISSN 0257-2826  CN 11-1454/G4

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    Understanding “Marxism Works When It Is Adapted to the Chinese Context and the Needs of Our Times” from the Perspective of “Changing the World”
    Jia Limin, Guo Lurong
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (12): 5-15.  
    Abstract477)      PDF (8402KB)(213)       Save
    As a “thorough theory”, Marxism adapted to the Chinese context and the needs of our times is rooted on the experience and practice and aligned with the fundamental essence of man. It responds to practical concerns and contains the value purpose and practical orientation of “changing the world”. The Communist Party of China has played a vital role in promoting the understanding of the theory among the people, through which Marxism adapted to the Chinese context and the needs of our times has further touched the real world by effectively leveraging the key role of the people and material practice, changed China and the world in the process of being transformed into “material power”, and demonstrated the power of truth, great vitality and infinite vibrancy of Marxism in the 21st century. It has been proven through practice that “Marxism works when it is adapted to the Chinese context and the needs of our times”.

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    The Explanation of Marx and Engels on the Basis of Socialist Methodology and its Contemporary Value
    Jie Changguang, Zhang Beike
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (12): 16-24.  
    Abstract175)      PDF (6341KB)(134)       Save
    The difference between utopian and scientific socialism lies not only in the “theoretical content” but also in the “methodology”. The “historical heterogeneity” and “historical external causation” encompassed in utopian socialism itself is the methodological root of its “utopian” nature. The fact that scientific socialism has been able to realize the development of socialism from being “utopian” to “scientific” is inseparable from its methodological nature of “historical selfcausation” and “historical internal causation”. An indepth grasp of the differences between the two methodologies has certain enlightening significance for exploring the socialist construction in contemporary China.

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    On the Theoretical Research Method of Ideological and Political Education
    Liu Jianjun
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (12): 25-32.  
    Abstract247)      PDF (6046KB)(245)       Save
    The theoretical research method aims at grasping the whole, essence and law of things by using abstract thinking and theoretical language, which is the most basic research method applied in the disciplines of the Marxist theory and ideological and political education. The theoretical research method of ideological and political education requires the academic refinement of important concepts of the discipline and the analysis of their relationship with related concepts. The important propositions of this discipline should also be expounded theoretically, explaining the relevant propositions in the important documents of the Party and the state systematically and summarizing and formulating new theoretical propositions based on academic research. It is also necessary to construct the theoretical system of the discipline to form and improve the independent knowledge system of the discipline and carry out the academic interpretation of the research results in the field to ensure that they are entwining and flawless using a hierarchically narrative approach. 

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    On the Historical Research Method of Ideological and Political Education
    Wang Shuyin
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (12): 33-41.  
    Abstract158)      PDF (7414KB)(153)       Save
    Ideological and political education is a historical category. This paper, maintaining a rational outlook on Party history and seeing history from a broader perspective, focuses on the development process and basic experience of the ideological and political education work of the Communist Party of China over the past century with a vision of considering issues throughout history and across the globe. It addresses issues that relate to the research on the history of ideological and political education and its methodology, and deepens and expands the historical perspective of ideological and political education research, in order to provide academic foundation, basic principles and general methods for the construction of the discipline of ideological and political education, especially the research on the history of ideological and political education.

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    On the Textual Research Method of Ideological and Political Education 
    Yu Wenli
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (12): 42-48.  
    Abstract92)      PDF (5310KB)(139)       Save
    The textual research method is one of the important methods for the ideological and political education research, and it is of great significance for the positioning of the ideological and political education research, keeping it on a right track and providing it with guidance. From the perspective of procedures and phases, the textual research method of ideological and political education includes some basic forms such as text classification, investigation, interpretation, review and application. The application of the textual research method in ideological and political education research should adhere to the principles of integrity, objectivity, sufficiency and guidance. Pathways for its implementation include: serving ideological and political education activities; adhering to the guidance of scientific ideological methodology; persisting in the unity of “moral principles, textual criticism, and poetry and prose”; and achieving the integration of “points, lines, planes, and bodies”.
     
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    A Multidimensional Exploration of the Paradigm of the Construction of the Discourse System of the Communist Party of China in the New Era: A Text Analysis on the Report to the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China #br#
    Wang Haijun
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (12): 49-59.  
    Abstract145)      PDF (8557KB)(155)       Save
    The report to the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) is not only an important theoretical document with rich connotation, rigorous logic, and systematically integration for adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and the needs of our times, but also a scientific program of action for writing a new chapter in pursuing the Chinese path to modernization. As an important text and discourse that inspires the world to understand China, the report to the 20th National Congress of the CPC offers a vivid description of the construction of the Chinese path to modernization and presents the grand strategic goals of the CPC to the world using a fresh and simple expression. Discourse is the carrier of theory. The report is a scientific theoretical discourse composed of a series of new concepts and expressions with strong vibe of the times, and a discourse innovation and theoretical creation of exemplary significance for adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and the needs of our times. Promoting the construction of the scientific, national and contemporary discourse system is an important mission of the Partys theoretical discourse innovation, which should be continuously promoted in academic research and dissemination practice.

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    A Political-Economic Analysis of the Value Movement in Platform Enterprises
    Wang Ting, Qiu Yaqi
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (12): 60-72.  
    Abstract147)      PDF (2408KB)(80)       Save
    The rapid development of platform economy has a profound impact on the mode of social production and circulation, and the value movement in platform enterprises exhibits new changes and characteristics. In the sphere of production, taking the digital activities of Internet users as a necessary condition for production, platform enterprises directly participate in the process of value creation of digital commodities by employing digital laborers to perform digital tasks. In the sphere of circulation, the process of realizing the value of digital commodities produced by platform enterprises and that of realizing the value of nondigital commodities circulated by digital platforms are intertwined. In the sphere of distribution, with the identity of being new industrial and new commercial capital, platform enterprises obtain the right to participate in value distribution from the spheres of production and circulation, appropriate the fruits of the surplus labor of digital laborers and massive nondigital laborers, share the profits of traditional functional capital, and gradually realize the accumulation of platform capital. However, problems such as insufficient market competition and irrational distribution structure emerge gradually in the platform economy. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the development of platform economy has entered a critical period. To further standardize the processes of production and distribution among platform enterprises, China should circumvent problems that arise in the development of platform economy of capitalist countries and give full play to the role of platform economy in enabling highquality development with efforts including standardizing the operation and management of platform capital, improving the profit distribution mechanism, and unlocking the great potential of platform economy in serving the real economy.

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    A Political-Economic Critique of Digital Imperialism in the Context of the “Algorithmic Revolution”
    Li Yun, Li Jiao
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (12): 73-84.  
    Abstract106)      PDF (8910KB)(80)       Save
    The “algorithm revolution” is not only a revolution in productivity, but also a revolution in production relations, and the two have a dialectical unity. In order to adapt to the new requirements of technological progress marked by the “algorithmic revolution”, contemporary capitalist production relations have undergone some new changes and developed capitalism has further evolved into digital imperialism. Digital imperialism is a new stage and a new form of imperialism, which has not changed the essence of the capitalist economic system, but has brought about new development of various contradictions inherent in capitalism. Digital imperialism has led to the alienation of digital labor through the monopoly of digital production, expanding the exploitation of global workers. It has also created more unequal global exchange brought by the digital hegemony built on international platform monopolies. The repartitioning of global wealth under algorithmic rules has created a digital divide in terms of distribution and exacerbated the imbalance between developed and developing countries. Finally, the use of dependence mechanisms concerning digital consumption has amplified the digital discrimination in terms of consumption with more exploitation extending to the sphere of global consumption.

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    Evolution of the International Order from the Perspective of World Politics: Why the International Order Tends to Be Equal
    Song Wei, Wang Yue
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (12): 85-98.  
    Abstract126)      PDF (11044KB)(90)       Save
    World politics research aims to explain the basic nature and institutional changes of international relations and domestic politics. The current international order is tending towards being equal, while hegemonism and power politics are becoming increasingly unpopular. The reasons are presented as follows. From the perspective of world politics research, first, technological revolution, the struggle for recognition, and the promotion of industrial transfer are the fundamental driving forces for the evolution of the international order. Second, the changes in the power structure among countries and the rise and fall of trends of political thought are the direct driving forces for the evolution of the international order. And third, international political struggle is the basic mechanism that shapes the rise and fall of trends of political thought, which are transformed into international order and norms; it specifically includes three basic modes of interaction: advocacy by the leading country, learning and socialization, and political compromise.

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    The Theoretical System of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era
    Tao Wenzhao
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (11): 5-16.  
    Abstract258)      PDF (8092KB)(186)       Save
    After a decade of development in the new era, it is the right time to summarize the theoretical system of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. The theoretical system includes basic elements such as the background of the times, major questions of the times, the main content, fundamental approach, world outlook and methodology, and historical status. The construction of the theoretical system involves inquiries such as what basic elements are selected, how to connect between elements, how to explain specific elements, what are the consensuses reached, and what problems still exist. To address these issues, it is necessary not only to be in line with the political judgments, but also take close consideration academically, so as to further deepen and expand the understanding of the theoretical system.

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    The Construction of Modern Civilization of the Chinese Nation through the Lens of Seeing History from a Broader Perspective
    Zuo Yuhe
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (11): 17-27.  
    Abstract176)      PDF (8024KB)(160)       Save
    The construction of the modern civilization of the Chinese nation in the new era is to complete the unfinished tasks of the modern transformation of the Chinese civilization and the rejuvenation of the Chinese civilization, realizing the transformation of the Chinese civilization from classical to modern form, and in the process of this modern transformation, creating the modern civilization of the Chinese nation and realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The modern civilization of the Chinese nation is the modern civilization with the unique characteristics of the “Chinese nation”, the development form of the modern civilization of the “Chinese nation”, the “modern” form of the Chinese civilization, the cultural form of the Chinese path to modernization, and the highly developed socialist modern civilization with Chinese characteristics under the leadership of the Communist Party of China. To build the modern civilization of the Chinese nation in the new era, we must strengthen cultural confidence, maintain a sound cultural mindset, and develop an independent cultural psyche; we must continue to be open and inclusive and create a socialist culture with Chinese characteristics while learning from the achievements of human civilization; we must uphold fundamental principles and break new ground, correctly handle the relationship between these two elements, and carry forward the fine historical traditions with positive energy and a pioneering spirit; and we must make the past serve the present, develop the new from the old, inherit and carry forward a cultural spirit that transcends time and national boundaries and has eternal attraction and contemporary value through “creative transformation and innovative development”, and create a new form of human civilization that is different from the Western model.

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    Accelerating the Construction of a New Development Paradigm and Solidly Promoting Highquality Development
    Liu Wei
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (11): 28-37.  
    Abstract127)      PDF (7335KB)(80)       Save
    The report to the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) clearly stated that entering a new stage of development, the central task of the CPC is to lead the Chinese people of all ethnic groups in a concerted effort to realize the Second Centenary Goal of building China into a great modern socialist country in all respects. To implement and fulfill this central task, we must uphold and improve the basic socialist economic system as the institutional guarantee to promote highquality development, take the new development philosophy as a guide to achieve fundamental changes in the development model, and take the acceleration of the construction of a new development paradigm as the strategic priority to promote highquality development, so as to advance Chinese modernization on all fronts through highquality development and to advance the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation on all fronts through the Chinese path to modernization. 

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    Marx's Doctoral Dissertation in Solving the Problem of the Origin of the World
    Xin Xiangyang, Lyu Yaolong
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (11): 38-45.  
    Abstract98)      PDF (6097KB)(88)       Save
    In the development of Marx's thought, the period when Doctoral Thesis was created is an important stage for his criticism of religion. This can be seen through examining the cultural background of the time that Marx lived at, David McLellans research on Marx and the Young Hegelians, and Marxs early experience and his early writings. By putting forward the concept of the declination of the atom, Doctoral Dissertation describes the atoms that all materials consist of and the repulsion of atoms as the material conditions and conditions of movement for the declination of the atom, respectively, and significantly refuted the traditional Christian theology that asserts that God created man and solved the problem of the origin of the world. Doctoral Dissertation not only represents the general criticism Marx lodges against religion, but also established its materialist philosophical stance, laying a solid foundation for the discovery of historical materialism.

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    The Connotation of “Practical Rationality” and its Contemporary Significance
    Yan Mengwei
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (11): 46-54.  
    Abstract243)      PDF (6032KB)(76)       Save
    The discussion on the issue of practical rationality condenses all the theoretical nodes of practical philosophy, and what exactly is “practical rationality” is a prerequisite question that must first be clarified. Rationality used in practice includes two basic levels: scientific rationality and value rationality, among which value rationality is of primary importance. Practical rationality refers to the value rationality. The basic difference between practical rationality and scientific rationality is that the former involves establishing eternal, absolute, ultimately significant and ingrained value concepts in rational thinking as the universal principle and ultimate basis for guiding practical activities, through which evaluations and arguments on the rationality or legality of practical activities can be made. This value presupposition of practical rationality does not come from the induction, generalization, and abstraction of the empirical world, but from the pure rationality of man. The function of the value presupposition of practical rationality is to construct and criticize. The critical nature of Marxs practical philosophy is also based on the presupposition of the nature of human freedom, and the loss of this value presupposition will dissolve the critical nature of Marxs practical philosophy. The ideological root of the global risks or crises in the contemporary world lies in the dilution or marginalization of practical rationality, and the common values of humanity put forward by the Chinese Communists and the concept of “building a community with a shared future for mankind” on the basis are the right way to break out of the global crises.

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    On the Integration of Ideological and Political Education from  the Perspective of the Chinese Path to Modernization
    Wang Xuejian, Xu Man
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (11): 66-74.  
    Abstract137)      PDF (6804KB)(109)       Save
    The integration of ideological and political education is the product of the innovative development of ideological and political education and the development of the times. In the context and field of Chinese modernization, the integration of ideological and political education embodies its own unique development logic and displays rich content. Specifically, under the requirements of pursuing the Chinese road to modernization, the integration of ideological and political education demonstrates the function of transformation, the role of value guidance, the utility of spiritual production, the value of cultivation and nurturing, and the effect of its guiding and radiating role. To explore the construction of integrated ideological and political education from the perspective of the Chinese path to modernization, it is necessary to develop a collaborative model with advancing the Chinese path to modernization as the goal and theme, improve the service level amidst the significant advantages of the Chinese path to modernization, and enhance the scientific and technological support using intelligent technology in the pursuit of the Chinese path of modernization.

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    On the Influence Mechanism of the Investment and Financing Systems with Chinese Characteristics to Ensure Financial Stability
    Zhang Hongbo, Zhu Andong
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (11): 75-91.  
    Abstract118)      PDF (12198KB)(73)       Save
    The level of economic and financial risk and instability in the world is increasing recently, and ensuring the stability of economy and finance has become a huge challenge for all countries. Based on the analysis of financial instability by Marx and Minsky, this paper investigates the counteradjustment effect of the investment and financing systems with Chinese characteristics led by the Stateowned economic sector on financial instability. First, the investment and financing process led by the Stateowned economic sector directly boosts economic growth and ensures relative economic and financial stability by promoting growth. Second, Stateowned bank loans create a large quantity of bank deposits, which flow into the residential sector along with the investment of Stateowned enterprises, becoming an important form of wealth for residents and enterprises. This form of wealth is less volatile than financial products created by private credit activities such as stocks, bonds and derivatives. Meanwhile, risk of bank deposits is mostly borne by banks, and the banking system dominated by Stateowned banks is backed by national credit and has a higher level of risk tolerance, providing stability in the financial market. Finally, Stateowned enterprises serve the national strategy rather than aiming to maximize profits in investment and production. They can expand aggregate demand by reverse investment during the transmission of the financial crisis to the real economy and form a hedge against debt default and deflation caused by the transmission, thereby playing an important role in stabilizing the real economy. The investment and financing systems with Chinese characteristics supported by national credit, together with the governments financial policies, constitute an important guarantee for the countrys relative financial stability and are an important part of the Chinese path to modernization. Facing the increasing instability in the world, it is necessary to give full play to the important role of the investment and financing systems in stabilizing the economy and finance, and continue to adhere to the development path of pursuing the Chinese path to modernization. 

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    On the Compatibility between Patriotism and Cosmopolitanism
    Gao Jingzhu
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (11): 101-109.  
    Abstract76)      PDF (6566KB)(97)       Save
    There is usually a tension between patriotism and cosmopolitanism. Actually, there is a possibility of compatibility between a certain version of patriotism and that of cosmopolitanism. The moderate patriotism of “just patriotism” is compatible with the moderate cosmopolitanism of “moral cosmopolitanism”. Using just patriotism to discuss how patriotism and cosmopolitanism are compatible does not mean that citizens will develop patriotic feelings towards other countries that have similar characteristics as theirs. Cosmopolitanism creates limiting boundaries for patriotism. Once contextual justice is achieved, there is no proper reason to reject the partiality of patriotism. At the same time, the practice of cosmopolitanism should also be constrained by patriotism.

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    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (10): 5-8.  
    Abstract234)      PDF (3028KB)(183)       Save
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    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (10): 9-12.  
    Abstract180)      PDF (3016KB)(206)       Save
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    The Cultural Form of the Chinese Path to Modernization and the Modern Civilization of the Chinese Nation
    Zang Fengyu
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (10): 13-21.  
    Abstract239)      PDF (5310KB)(230)       Save

    Based on the actual situation of saving the nation from subjugation, reflecting on the limitations of modern New Confucianism in analyzing issues facing China from a cultural historical perspective, early Chinese Marxists believed that the deepseated cultural changes were fundamentally the result of the transformation of the mode of social production. The adaptation of the basic tenets of Marxism to Chinas specific realities and its fine traditional culture has enabled the Chinese people to change from passive to active thinking, and gradually found by itself the Chinese path to modernization as a new form of human civilization. Being rooted in the countrys unique national conditions and cultural traditions, the Chinese road to modernization has helped clarify tasks and connect ancient China to future China. Modern China has achieved the reshaping of Chinese civilization for the times and developed steadily according to its social conditions and cultural traditions. In the new era and embarking on the new journey, we must shoulder the new cultural mission and continue to promote cultural prosperity, build a leading country in culture, and develop a modern Chinese civilization in the process of pursuing the Chinese path to modernization.


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