主管:教育部
主办:中国人民大学
ISSN 0257-2826  CN 11-1454/G4

Most Read articles

    Published in last 1 year |  In last 2 years |  In last 3 years |  All

    All
    Please wait a minute...
    For Selected: Toggle Thumbnails
    esearch on the Achievements, Problems and Paths of Building a Modern Industrial System in the New Era
    Wang Guijun, Zhang Hui
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (6): 12-30.  
    Abstract1930)      PDF (13267KB)(312)       Save
    The modern industrial system is contained in Chinesestyle modernization. It is the material and technical foundation for China to build a socialist modern country and consists of two major components:the power system and support system. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, although China has made remarkable achievements in many fields of building a modern industrial system, there are still obstacles and challenges in individual fields such as industrial structure evolution, digital economy development, and technological innovation. Deepening the construction of a modern industrial system should take the digital economy as the core engine, while vigorously promote the development of strategic emerging industries and the transformation and upgrading of traditional real economy, ensure the synchronous followup and deep integration of modern service industry, modern circulation industry, and modern infrastructure system: The firstly is to fully unleash dividends of digital economy development, promote technological change through the digital economy and create an internal driving force system centered around the digital economy. The Secondly is to stabilize the scale of the real economy from both the internal driving mechanism of the industrial system and the external guarantee mechanism, and create a mechanism for the development of the real economy that promotes quality through quantity and ensures quantity through quality. The thirdly is to accelerate the development of modern service industry, modern circulation industry, and modern infrastructure, and promote the deep integration of the support system and the power system.

    Related Articles | Metrics
    Understanding “Marxism Works When It Is Adapted to the Chinese Context and the Needs of Our Times” from the Perspective of “Changing the World”
    Jia Limin, Guo Lurong
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (12): 5-15.  
    Abstract414)      PDF (8402KB)(201)       Save
    As a “thorough theory”, Marxism adapted to the Chinese context and the needs of our times is rooted on the experience and practice and aligned with the fundamental essence of man. It responds to practical concerns and contains the value purpose and practical orientation of “changing the world”. The Communist Party of China has played a vital role in promoting the understanding of the theory among the people, through which Marxism adapted to the Chinese context and the needs of our times has further touched the real world by effectively leveraging the key role of the people and material practice, changed China and the world in the process of being transformed into “material power”, and demonstrated the power of truth, great vitality and infinite vibrancy of Marxism in the 21st century. It has been proven through practice that “Marxism works when it is adapted to the Chinese context and the needs of our times”.

    Related Articles | Metrics
    Promoting Human Modernization Is an Important Content of Chinese-style Modernization
    Hong Yinxing
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (6): 5-11.  
    Abstract354)      PDF (4922KB)(130)       Save
    Human modernization is not only the goal of modernization, but also an important means to promote modernization. The modernization of human beings that Chinesestyle modernization aims to promote involves the following three aspects: the quality of life, spiritual civilization and allround development of people. The highquality life of people concerns the significant improvement of peoples income and consumption levels, the upgrading of residents consumption, and the greening and beautification of the living environment. The further expansion of public consumption reflects the governments orientation towards promoting highquality life. The spiritual civilization of people requires the development of advanced socialist culture and the increase in the supply of advanced culture. In the process of Chinesestyle modernization, culture plays a great role in guiding the economic behavior of all market players. In specific, first, it is to address the issue of human values and morality, and then to improve peoples mentalities to reach the modern level, and finally, it is to promote the entrepreneurship as regards social responsibility. The allround development of people involves the modernization of physical quality, the modernization of cultural competence, and the modernization of laborers knowledge and skills.

    Related Articles | Metrics
    The Historical Evolution of the Communist Party of China's Concept of Party Spirit
    Wu Wenlong
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (8): 81-89.  
    Abstract354)      PDF (6324KB)(87)       Save
    Since the founding of the Communist Party of China (CPC), the understanding and expression of Party spirit have shown different patterns in different periods. During the Yanan period, the concept of Party spirit of the CPC was initially formed, and the establishment of the Party being a proletariat party was emphasized as the core connotation of Party spirit. During the period of socialist revolution and construction, the focus of the CPCs discourse on Party spirit changed, and the concept of “keeping the people firmly in mind” and the spirit of seeking truth from facts became the central content of Chinese Communists interpretation of Party spirit. In the new era of reform and opening up and socialist modernization, the CPC has put forward a series of new ideas, viewpoints and conclusions in terms of the construction of organizational discipline and the shaping of ideological concepts, thus further extending its concept of Party spirit. Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC, the concept of Party spirit of the CPC has achieved innovative development. The historical changes in the CPCs conception of Party spirit are of great significance to the correct interpretation and the clarification of ambiguous understanding of the connotation of Party spirit, and the promotion of the construction of the discourse system of the discipline of Chinese Communist Party history and Party building.

    Related Articles | Metrics
    “The Second Adaptation”: A Profound Grasp of the Laws of the Development of Morden Civiliztion of the Chinese Nation
    Zhu Kangyou
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (9): 5-14.  
    Abstract340)      PDF (7208KB)(118)       Save
    For more than 100 years, the Communist Party of China has led the Chinese people to explore a path of modernization that is different from that of Western civilization, bringing the traditional form of Chinese civilization to the stage of modern civilization of the Chinese nation. The “second adaptation” has played a great historical role in this process, and has thus converged and accumulated to produce the fruit of the “new form of human civilization” in the new era. The “second adaptation” is not only a profound summary of the Party's historical experience of the adaptation of Marxism to the Chinese context, but also a profound grasp of the historical laws of promoting the development of Chinese civilization through the organic fusion of cultures. To implement the guiding ideology and concept of “the second adaptation” and lead the great rejuvenation of Chinese civilization, it is necessary to compose the “Chinese history in a new era” with the method of “history of civilization” and continuously promote the construction of modern civilization of the Chinese nation in a “moral” way, and to facilitate the continuous progress of human civilization towards the goal of “the free and allround development of people”. 

    Related Articles | Metrics
    The Transformation of the Principal Social Contradictions in the New Era and the Expansion of Chinese-style Modernization
    Ouyang Qi
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (6): 31-42.  
    Abstract340)      PDF (8855KB)(139)       Save
    Contradictions are the driving force of social development, and modernization is a transformative practice carried out in a specific social form. The intrinsic correlation between the principal social contradictions and modernization reflects the objective role of the laws of human social development, socialist construction, and the governance of the Communist Party of China (CPC). Socialist modernization promotes the progress of human society and the free and comprehensive development of human beings in solving the principal contradictions of society. The transformation of the principal contradictions of society in the new era reflected in the peoples evergrowing needs for a better life, the unbalanced and inadequate development and the primary stage of socialism poses new challenges and requirements for the modernization of China. In resolving the principal social contradictions, the CPC has led the people to clarify the goals, paths, principles and patterns of development, further highlighting the characteristics of joint planning, coordination and independence, peoplecentered philosophy, and winwin cooperation of socialist modernization, promoting the successful expansion of Chinesestyle modernization both vertically and horizontally, and increasingly presenting the features of the new form of human civilization. Chinesestyle modernization, with innovative development of production modes at its core, has typicality in resolving principal social contradictions. Its scientific path of pursuing the balanced and full development of productive forces and the synergistic optimization of production relations, as well as the Chinese solution of constructing a better life for people and a better world for human beings, explains the inner essence of Chinesestyle modernization as the modernization of human beings, highlights the incomparable institutional advantages of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the expansion of modernization that shoulders the world historical mission of the scientific socialist movement in the 21st century.

    Related Articles | Metrics
    A Critique of the Western “Democracy-Autocracy” Dichotomy 
    Sun Shuai
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (6): 107-114.  
    Abstract335)      PDF (5984KB)(68)       Save
    The formation process of the “democracyautocracy” dichotomy in the West demonstrates its attempt to transform “democratization” into “Westernization” by making a conceptual shift and fighting for the discourse power on democracy. This discourse has both distinct value appeals and strong political and interest appeals. The implicit appeal for democratic transformation is to use the logic of voluntarism to deceive other countries on the premise of obscuring the economic foundation. Its discourse not only violates the principle of historical materialism, but also presents with the metaphysical paradox of “improper dichotomy” and the dichotomy between the principle of value and that of fact. The Western discourse on democracy obscures the root problems regarding the economic foundation, and judges the legitimacy and illegitimacy by illusorily standing on the moral high ground of superstructure and values, which is bound to face the paradoxical dilemma of logical construction and realistic practice.

    Related Articles | Metrics
    Common Features and Chinese Characteristics of Chinese-style Modernization
    Zhou Wen, Bai Ji
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (9): 26-39.  
    Abstract311)      PDF (10489KB)(173)       Save
    There is neither a single authorized model of modernization nor a onesizefitsall standard for modernization. The Chinesestyle modernization is one of the human modernization models, which not only has the common features of modernization of all countries, but also has Chinese characteristics based on its own national conditions. The Chinesestyle modernization is a modernization that pursues shared human values and aims to achieve common prosperity for all the people, behind which is humanism that surpasses the capital logic of Western modernization. It is the modernization that seeks to integrate material and spiritual civilizations, promotes the comprehensive enrichment of materials and the allround human development, and surpasses the onesidedness and limitations of Western modernization with its comprehensiveness and integrity. It is the modernization that takes the harmonious coexistence between man and nature as its value and the peaceful development and cultural exchanges and mutual learning as its main themes, surpasses the predatory nature of Western modernization with its pursuit of harmony, and shows a new form of human civilization. Chinas unique cultural traditions, historical courses and basic national conditions, as well as the characteristics of independent and “parallel” development, determine that to promote and expand the Chinesestyle modernization, it is necessary to embark on a development path that suits the countrys own characteristics.

    Related Articles | Metrics
    The Establishment of the Scientific View of Praxis and Marx's Revolution of Subjectivity: The Evolution of Concepts from “Estranged Labor” and “Sensuous Praxis” to “All-sided Production
    Su Hongdou
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (8): 49-56.  
    Abstract287)      PDF (5586KB)(42)       Save
    From the Paris Manuscripts, Theses on Feuerbach to The German Ideology, Marx has replaced the “cognitive subject” with the “practical subject” through the revolution of subjectivity, and gained a good command of the mutual generative relationship between subject and object in perceptual practical activities, effectively overcoming the dichotomy of subject and object in the modern philosophy of subjectivity. A scientific view of praxis has been established. The establishment of the scientific concept of praxis and the completion of the subjectivity revolution consist of three theoretical links from “estranged labor”, “sensuous practice” to “all-sided production”, forming a logic of proceeding from the concrete to the abstract and then to the concrete. The key is the reconstruction of the concept of practice as “laborproduction”, which unifies the principle of self-consciousness in the concept of labor and the principle of materiality in the concept of production, and thus constructs the theoretical link between the critique of philosophy and the critique of social history. In this way, it achieves the dialectical unification of the objective and the subjective in the materialist view of history. 

    Related Articles | Metrics
    On the Effective Connection of “Small Ideological and Political Classrooms” and “Big Social Classrooms” under the Framework of “Big Ideological and Political Courses”
    Sun Xiuling, Guo Qianqian
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (9): 113-120.  
    Abstract282)      PDF (6773KB)(139)       Save
    Ideological and political courses are key courses to carry out the basic task of fostering virtue through education. Launching “big ideological and political courses” is an inevitable trend in the reform and innovation of ideological and political courses in universities and colleges in the new era, and the fundamental requirement of “cultivating talent for the Party and the State”. Improving the effective connection between the “small ideological and political classrooms” and the “big social classrooms” under the framework of “big ideological and political courses” will help break the barriers between “small ideological and political classrooms” and “big social classrooms” and expand the space of education, promote the unification of students knowledge, belief and behavior, realize the twoway interaction of internalization and externalization, and comprehensively improve the quality of the construction of the “big ideological and political courses”. It is necessary to strengthen the toplevel design and coordinate efforts in the temporal, spatial and institutional dimensions to promote the effective connection of the “two classrooms” and improve the pertinence and effectiveness of ideological and political education.

    Related Articles | Metrics
    The Basic Characteristics of the Discipline of Ideological and Political Education in Modern Times
    Li Heliang
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (6): 43-50.  
    Abstract255)      PDF (6043KB)(110)       Save
    The discipline of ideological and political education, with unique political and ideological attributes, is different from general disciplines in education and those in politics, because of its functions of ideal vision and system maintenance, life orientation and value evaluation, ideological criticism and moral education, and order stability and social harmony. Ideological and political education in modern times is a discipline that criticizes the past, reflects on the present, and looks forward to the future. It is a discipline that creatively recognizes and understands people, and organically integrates the special thinking logic and valueladen view.

    Related Articles | Metrics
    The Theoretical System of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era
    Tao Wenzhao
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (11): 5-16.  
    Abstract226)      PDF (8092KB)(177)       Save
    After a decade of development in the new era, it is the right time to summarize the theoretical system of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. The theoretical system includes basic elements such as the background of the times, major questions of the times, the main content, fundamental approach, world outlook and methodology, and historical status. The construction of the theoretical system involves inquiries such as what basic elements are selected, how to connect between elements, how to explain specific elements, what are the consensuses reached, and what problems still exist. To address these issues, it is necessary not only to be in line with the political judgments, but also take close consideration academically, so as to further deepen and expand the understanding of the theoretical system.

    Related Articles | Metrics
    Innovation and Development of the Socialist System with Chinese Characteristics in the New Era 
    Che Zongkai, Xiao Guiqing
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (9): 15-25.  
    Abstract224)      PDF (8856KB)(87)       Save
    Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC), the Party Central Committee has proceeded from the new characteristics of reform and opening up in the new era, drawn up the general idea of institutional construction in the new era around the “two centenary goals”, scientifically responded to the major issues of the Party and the country in the new era from the institutional dimension, consolidated and guaranteed the overall leadership of the CPC with institutional innovation, coordinated the modernization of the national governance system and governance capacity in an allround and multifield manner, and built an institutional system that has clear agendas, advances with the times, and is highly logical. At a new starting point, to promote the innovation and development of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, we must always adhere to the leadership of the Party and the coordinated advancement of the institutional construction and the construction of the national governance system, and insist in acting on the peoplecentered philosophy, upholding fundamental principles and breaking new ground, so as to provide a more perfect and mature institutional guarantee for the realization of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and contribute the Chinese wisdom to addressing the institutional and governance challenges.

    Related Articles | Metrics
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (10): 5-8.  
    Abstract220)      PDF (3028KB)(178)       Save
    Related Articles | Metrics
    On the Theoretical Research Method of Ideological and Political Education
    Liu Jianjun
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (12): 25-32.  
    Abstract206)      PDF (6046KB)(232)       Save
    The theoretical research method aims at grasping the whole, essence and law of things by using abstract thinking and theoretical language, which is the most basic research method applied in the disciplines of the Marxist theory and ideological and political education. The theoretical research method of ideological and political education requires the academic refinement of important concepts of the discipline and the analysis of their relationship with related concepts. The important propositions of this discipline should also be expounded theoretically, explaining the relevant propositions in the important documents of the Party and the state systematically and summarizing and formulating new theoretical propositions based on academic research. It is also necessary to construct the theoretical system of the discipline to form and improve the independent knowledge system of the discipline and carry out the academic interpretation of the research results in the field to ensure that they are entwining and flawless using a hierarchically narrative approach. 

    Related Articles | Metrics
    The Cultural Form of the Chinese Path to Modernization and the Modern Civilization of the Chinese Nation
    Zang Fengyu
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (10): 13-21.  
    Abstract198)      PDF (5310KB)(218)       Save

    Based on the actual situation of saving the nation from subjugation, reflecting on the limitations of modern New Confucianism in analyzing issues facing China from a cultural historical perspective, early Chinese Marxists believed that the deepseated cultural changes were fundamentally the result of the transformation of the mode of social production. The adaptation of the basic tenets of Marxism to Chinas specific realities and its fine traditional culture has enabled the Chinese people to change from passive to active thinking, and gradually found by itself the Chinese path to modernization as a new form of human civilization. Being rooted in the countrys unique national conditions and cultural traditions, the Chinese road to modernization has helped clarify tasks and connect ancient China to future China. Modern China has achieved the reshaping of Chinese civilization for the times and developed steadily according to its social conditions and cultural traditions. In the new era and embarking on the new journey, we must shoulder the new cultural mission and continue to promote cultural prosperity, build a leading country in culture, and develop a modern Chinese civilization in the process of pursuing the Chinese path to modernization.


    Related Articles | Metrics
    On the Philosophical Spirit of the New Era 
    Yan Xiaofeng
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (7): 5-16.  
    Abstract197)      PDF (9925KB)(67)       Save
    The philosophical spirit of the new era is the distinctive mark of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era. It is mainly manifested in the spirit of the times that marks a new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the ideological realm of seeking happiness for the Chinese people and rejuvenation for the Chinese nation and contributing to human progress and world harmony, the strategic vision of implementing the national rejuvenation strategy within the wider context of onceinacentury changes taking place in the world, the spiritual quality of freeing minds, seeking truth from facts, advancing with the times, and innovating on the basis of what has worked in the past, the will to practice carrying forward the fighting spirit and undertaking great and momentous struggles, and the systematic concept of national governance in the new era. 

    Related Articles | Metrics
    On the Evolutionary Logic of Distribution According to Work and its Implementation Paths in China
    Yan Jinqiang, Hu Cheng
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (10): 85-94.  
    Abstract188)      PDF (8238KB)(154)       Save
    Distribution according to work is the distribution mode of the economic system of socialist public ownership, superseding the capitalist system of exploitation and providing an important practical basis for realizing the common prosperity of all people. Since the reform and openingup, with changes in the ownership structure and allocation of resources, distribution according to work and its implementation paths have been also evolving. In line with the change in the allocation of resources from planned to market, the implementation paths of distribution according to work have changed from productbased to marketoriented. Although this is different from the classic view of distribution according to work, it does not depart from the essential provisions of distribution according to work, and it is conducive to giving play to its advantages under the conditions of market economy. Meanwhile, the ownership relationship has shifted from a model of pure public ownership to that of diverse forms of ownership, which has gradually narrowed the scope of the implementation of distribution according to work and made it difficult to be compatible with the principle of distribution according to factors in the market economy theoretically. Distribution according to work in a sharing manner, through expanding the theoretical connotation of distribution according to work, can effectively exert the role of public capital and labor factors and is highly integrated with the market economy, which is an innovative transformation of distribution according to work under the conditions of socialist market economy in the new era.

    Related Articles | Metrics
    On the Deep Logic and Historical Inheritance of the Great Founding Spirit of the Party
    He Husheng, Zhang Lin
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (7): 17-27.  
    Abstract186)      PDF (8821KB)(170)       Save
    As the spiritual source of the Communist Party of China, the great founding spirit of the Party has profoundly answered the fundamental questions regarding what the Party is and what it wants to do, ie. the Party is a proletarian party composed of people who adhere to the truth of Marxism, and promote the socialist and communist ideals in China. At the same time, it proclaims the fundamental mission of the Party for what it stands for and what it lives for, outlines the fundamental path of the Party to readily take responsibility and ably perform their duties, demonstrates the fundamental position of the Party on whom to serve and on whom to rely, and contains a deep logic from who I am to who I am for and from what I do to how I do it. In the course of longterm struggle, the Chinese Communists have inherited the great founding spirit of the Party, and generated distinctive spiritual forms according to social practices in different historical periods. From a macro perspective, they can be summarized successively as the spirit of great revolution, the spirit of hard work, the spirit of reform and opening up, and the spirit of great struggle. On the new journey, the key to carrying forward the great founding spirit of the Party in practice is to take it as a practical standard, and lead all Party members to strive to be sober minded, politically clear, spiritual guiding, and steadfast in work and become the Chinese Communists capable of shouldering the responsibility of national rejuvenation.

    Related Articles | Metrics
    The Connotation of “Practical Rationality” and its Contemporary Significance
    Yan Mengwei
    Teaching and Research    2023, 57 (11): 46-54.  
    Abstract184)      PDF (6032KB)(68)       Save
    The discussion on the issue of practical rationality condenses all the theoretical nodes of practical philosophy, and what exactly is “practical rationality” is a prerequisite question that must first be clarified. Rationality used in practice includes two basic levels: scientific rationality and value rationality, among which value rationality is of primary importance. Practical rationality refers to the value rationality. The basic difference between practical rationality and scientific rationality is that the former involves establishing eternal, absolute, ultimately significant and ingrained value concepts in rational thinking as the universal principle and ultimate basis for guiding practical activities, through which evaluations and arguments on the rationality or legality of practical activities can be made. This value presupposition of practical rationality does not come from the induction, generalization, and abstraction of the empirical world, but from the pure rationality of man. The function of the value presupposition of practical rationality is to construct and criticize. The critical nature of Marxs practical philosophy is also based on the presupposition of the nature of human freedom, and the loss of this value presupposition will dissolve the critical nature of Marxs practical philosophy. The ideological root of the global risks or crises in the contemporary world lies in the dilution or marginalization of practical rationality, and the common values of humanity put forward by the Chinese Communists and the concept of “building a community with a shared future for mankind” on the basis are the right way to break out of the global crises.

    Related Articles | Metrics