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主管:教育部
主办:中国人民大学
ISSN 0257-2826  CN 11-1454/G4

Table of Content

    16 January 2023, Volume 57 Issue 1 Previous Issue   

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    Making More Spectacular Achievements through New Great Endeavors
    Wang Junwei
    2023, 57 (1):  5-13. 
    Abstract ( )   PDF (6636KB) ( )  
    The report to the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China called on the whole party to “make more spectacular achievements through new great endeavors”, which requires further deepening the understanding of major issues such as “what banner to hold”, “what road to take”, and “in what state of mind”. The new great endeavors require us to hold high the great banner of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, and constantly write a new chapter of adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and the needs of the times; to deeply grasp the theoretical connotation and essential requirements of Chinese-style modernization, and comprehensively promote the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation with Chinese-style modernization; and to keep in mind the “Three Imperatives” and maintain and carry forward the great spirit of Party building and the great spirit of struggle in making more spectacular achievements.
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    Towards a Scientific Grasp of “Adapting Marxism to the Chinese Context and the Needs of the Times”
    Zhang Leisheng
    2023, 57 (1):  14-22. 
    Abstract ( )   PDF (6515KB) ( )  
    A scientific grasp of “adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and the needs of the times” is an important basis for an accurate understanding of “Marxism works when it is adapted to the Chinese context and the needs of the times”. The centuryold history of the Communist Party of China fully embodies the combination of adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and to the needs of the times, and illustrates the distinctive characteristics and rich connotations of the times with innovative achievements of adapting Marxism to the Chinese context. Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era is closely related to the issues of the times, and has opened up a new frontier of theoretical innovation and construction in adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and the needs of the times while marking the new historic step in adapting Marxism to the Chinese context. The reason why Marxism works when it is adapted to the Chinese context and the needs of the times lies in that the Communist Party of China creatively gains a good command of the worldview and methodology of Marxism to understand and solve China's development problems. Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era makes good use of Marxist stances, viewpoints and methods to observe, understand, and shape the world. In the analysis of issues related to China and those to the world, the worldview and methodology of Marxism being adapted to the Chinese context and the needs of the times have been formed, which demonstrates the true essence of “adapting Marxism to the Chinese context and the needs of the times”.
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    Maintaining a Rational Outlook on Party History and Seeing History from a Broader Perspective through the Lens of the Chinese Communist Party History and Party Building
    Li Jie
    2023, 57 (1):  23-34. 
    Abstract ( )  
    How to maintain a rational outlook on Party history and see history from a broader perspective through the lens of the Chinese Communist Party history and Party building is a significant issue related to the fundamental direction of the discipline, and it is also an issue related to the construction of the discipline, academic and discourse systems that adheres to historical materialism. How to adhere to the historical materialist view of history, how to see history from a broader perspective, how to maintain a rational outlook on Party history, how to grasp and understand the basic principles and methods of historical materialism, what is the broader perspective on history and how to use it, and what is the rational outlook on Party history and how to use it are investigated in this paper. In promoting the innovation and development of the firstlevel discipline of the Chinese Community Party history and Party building in the new era, General Secretary Xi Jinping's important expositions on firmly maintaining a rational outlook on Party history and seeing history from a broader perspective should be taken as the backbone and anchor, and only in this way can the understanding of the regularity of development over the centuryold history of the Communist Party of China be raised to a new height.
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    Marx and Engels' Concept of “the Proletariat” and its Modern Development
    Lin Feng, Wang Xianpeng
    2023, 57 (1):  35-44. 
    Abstract ( )   PDF (7272KB) ( )  
    With the changes in the working modes and living conditions of the working class in developed capitalist countries, the argument of the “disappearance of the proletariat” has emerged and produced considerable influence in the academic circle. In order to respond to this argument, we must go back to the classic writings of Marxism, examine and restore the original meaning of the concept of “the proletariat” developed by Marx and Engels, and refer to the new changes in contemporary capitalist society to make a new interpretation of the concept of “the proletariat” that is in line with the characteristics of the times. “Being compelled by their lack of ownership of the means of production to sell their labor power to capitalists to earn a living” is the core feature of “the proletariat” described by Marx and Engels. In the modern world, the persistence of social groups of this profile demonstrates the continued strong explanatory power and applicability of the concept in contemporary times. It is worth noting that the new changes in contemporary capitalist society objectively constitute a challenge to Marx and Engels' conception of “the proletariat”. As modern Marxists, we should defend and develop the concept of “the proletariat” in the modern context, and make new provisions and interpretations of “the proletariat” on the premise of adhering to its rational core. Specifically, the scope of application of this concept should be expanded from the narrow sense of material production to the broad field of labor with much diversity, and the targeted group of the concept should be adjusted from the absolute poor to the relatively poor, thereby endowing this classic concept with stronger and broader explanatory power.

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    Marx's Critique of Proudhon's Anarchism and its Implications
    Huang Xuesheng
    2023, 57 (1):  45-55. 
    Abstract ( )   PDF (8381KB) ( )  
    The existing research on the ideological relationship between Marx and Proudhon still needs to be further expanded. It is advisable to locate Proudhon and his thoughts in the context of anarchism, and to understand the relationship between the two in the broader context of the political philosophy of the Enlightenment and the development of Marxism. Marx's critique of Proudhon's anarchism focuses on its theoretical basis, ideological line, political line, and so forth. These two theories are the distinction between “historical materialism and scientific socialism” and “historical idealism and bourgeois socialism”, between the proletarian and petty-bourgeois positions, between social revolution and social reform, and between the “human society” and free society, among others. This kind of orientation and understanding will help us fully grasp Proudhon's ideas and the basic nature, and also help confirm the truth of historical materialism and scientific socialism, and thus provide implications for human liberation in the 21st century.
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    The Capability of the Communist Party of China and the Modernization of National Governance
    Xiang Jingyao
    2023, 57 (1):  56-65. 
    Abstract ( )  
    The modernization of national governance is a global issue, and it is a systematic, strategic and intricate project. Political parties are the main driving force of modern state governance, and the modernization of state governance calls for political parties with strong overall planning and integration capabilities, strategic planning capabilities, and implementation capabilities. The strong capacity of the Communist Party of China (CPC) is the key factor for the modernization of national governance. Relying on its own capabilities, the CPC provides strong political, ideological, organizational and institutional guarantees, creates fundamental conditions, and maintain strong leadership for the modernization of national governance. In the process of promoting the modernization of national governance, the capacity of the CPC has also been continuously consolidated. The modernization of national governance has laid a practical foundation for enhancing the capacity of the CPC, provided value guidance, and fostered institutional advantages. The strong capability of the CPC constitutes the core content of the Chinese path towards the modernization of national governance, and is the fundamental key to understanding “why the CPC can succeed”.

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    Reconstructing the Value of Public Governance
    Zhang Chengfu, Yang Chongqi
    2023, 57 (1):  66-77. 
    Abstract ( )   PDF (9546KB) ( )  
    he process of public governance is the process of realizing and creating the value of public governance. The value of public governance not only shapes the legitimacy of governance, but also affects the rationality of governance. The crisis of contemporary public governance is a value crisis. The root of the value crisis lies in the paradox of modern rationalism. To rebuild the value of public governance, it is necessary to reaffirm the core value of public governance through means such as public education and moral practice.


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    The Exploration and Formation of the Road to Rural Revitalization with Chinese Characteristics and the Implications
    Zheng Yougui
    2023, 57 (1):  78-88. 
    Abstract ( )   PDF (7351KB) ( )  
    The path of socialist rural revitalization with Chinese characteristics explored since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China has provided answers to the questions of our times about how to comprehensively promote rural revitalization, made clear the direction of agricultural and rural reform in the new era, and clarified that hundreds of millions of farmers will march towards common prosperity and comprehensive modernization, with a negative list system through which basic needs are met. It is a major achievement integrating the practical breakthrough and theoretical innovation of issues of “agriculture, farmer and rural area”, which enriches the connotation of the Chinesestyle modernization and develops the Marxist theory of rural revitalization. Pursuing integrated urbanrural development and common prosperity, spurring agricultural development by raising quality standards and promoting green development, helping rural culture to flourish, improving the rural governance, and embarking on a path of poverty alleviation with Chinese characteristics are integral parts of the socialist rural revitalization with Chinese characteristics. These factors are interrelated and mutually reinforcing, which require the systematic construction of policies and the coordinated promotion of practices under systematic thinking.

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    Issues, Features and Motivations: Eurasian Think Tanks' Cognitions of the International Responsibilities of China in the Changing World Order
    Zheng Yuntian
    2023, 57 (1):  89-99. 
    Abstract ( )   PDF (8810KB) ( )  
    In a time of unprecedented global changes and a onceinacentury pandemic, the world has entered a period of turbulence and transformation. Scholars in Eurasia have started to rethink China's commitment as a major, responsible country on the international stage in the new era. They focus on issues such as economic and trade cooperation, the digital silk road, regional security and multilateral diplomacy in envisaging Belt and Road cooperation. Their research and discourse have three basic features, iecasting off the influence of the Western discourse, focusing on the driving effects of the Belt and Road Initiatives and keeping cautiously optimistic about the prospect of the relationship between China and Eurasia. These new cognitive changes are mainly driven by the continuous changes in the balance of power between the East and the West, the realistic considerations of the special geopolitics in the Eurasian region, and the increasingly prominent contemporary value of the ancient Silk Road. 

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    From “National” to “International”: Perspectives on “National Resilience” in International Relations
    Liu Xuelian, Xiao Chenhui
    2023, 57 (1):  100-108. 
    Abstract ( )   PDF (7286KB) ( )  
    “Resilience” is an important concept in a risk society, which refers to the ability that subjects should have to cope with setbacks and take responsibilities in an uncertain environment. On the basis of drawing on the theoretical resources of other disciplines, “national resilience” has become a discourse in political science to discuss a countrys specific capabilities to respond to risks. However, the current discussion on national resilience mostly focuses on the internal institutional system of the country, which to some extent ignores the country as a whole in international relations. To examine the resilience of countries in international relations, we must ground ourselves on systematic thinking, and explore the way of national survival and development in different levels and fields of “vertical” and “horizontal” international relations. From a vertical perspective, national resilience, based on the country and its geographical features, is specifically manifested as the structure from the border to the global risk environment. From a horizontal perspective, how national resilience works in the fields of international competition and cooperation is analyzed under the competition and cooperation relationship. In general, national resilience is an important ability of a country to coordinate development and security in a complex international environment in the era of major changes.
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    The Nature, Influence and Governance Strategy of Employment in Delivery Platform Enterprises
    Li Yini, Yu Bin
    2023, 57 (1):  110-121. 
    Abstract ( )   PDF (8832KB) ( )  
    At present, the employment conditions of delivery workers in the platform economy do not meet the requirements of “achieving more sufficient employment of higher quality” proposed in the report to the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. According to Marx's surplus value theory and ideas on wage labor, the reasons why delivery workers fall into relative poverty can be summarized as follows: the substantial subordination of delivery workers to delivery platform enterprises, the autocratic management of delivery platform enterprises to delivery workers, and the reverse change of labor efficiency and piece rate wage of the delivery workers. This analysis framework also provides theoretical support for clarifying the employment relationship between delivery platform enterprises and delivery workers. However, in reality, delivery platform enterprises deliberately blur the identity of delivery workers as wage laborers, in which the normalization of overwork, “rationalization” of labor risks, and mobility of labor conflicts become the new features of delivery workers. Therefore, the key to employment governance of delivery platform enterprises is to make clear the employment relationship between delivery platform enterprises and delivery workers. On this basis, it is also necessary to improve the matching degree between labor intensity and wages, strengthen occupational safety protection, and improve the conflict resolution mechanism, so as to promote the internal unity of the highquality development of delivery platform enterprises and the high-quality employment of delivery workers.
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    The Exploration Process, Theoretical Implication and Basic Experience of China's Green Modernization
    Wu Xiaoyan
    2023, 57 (1):  122-132. 
    Abstract ( )   PDF (8404KB) ( )  
    With the value goals of economic development, ecological harmony, and the people's happiness, the green modernization has become the most vivid generalization of “a modernization where humanity and nature coexist in harmony”. It is a governance strategy that the Communist Party of China (CPC) has gradually summarized and independently explored from its modernization practice, which is an important dimension and the brightest color of the Chinese-style modernization. The socialist ecological civilization with Chinese characteristics created by the green modernization is a new form of human civilization that is very different from traditional industrial civilization. The exploration of the green modernization by the CPC has gone through four stages: laying the foundation of the legal system, reforming the concept of development, deepening the institutionalization, and advancing overall coordination, which have rich theoretical connotations that differ from Western ecological modernization. The basic experience of the CPC in exploring the green modernization can be summarized as the combination of following the general laws of world modernization and creating a new path of Chinesestyle modernization, and that of the self-revolutionary spirit and the logic of “serving the people wholeheartedly”, and it is a theoretical and practical development of Marx's ideas on “green growth” by continuously adapting it to the Chinese context. The CPC has always adhered to the view of “world history” to guide the exploration of the green modernization, which not only embodies distinct Chinese characteristics, but also has far-reaching world significance.


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